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Jātaka Pārijata – Śloka 1. 13.

Jātaka Pārijata – Śloka 1. 13.

Translation and commentary by Branka Larsen, Guide & Guru Pt. Sanjay Rath. This article was originally published in The Jyotish Digest.

अथ मेषादीनां स्वरूपविशेषादिवर्णनम्।
atha meṣādīnāṁ svarūpaviśeṣādivarṇanam |

Śloka 1. 13.
ह्वस्वा गोऽजघटाः समा मृगयुक्चापान्त्यकर्कटकाः।
दीर्घा वृश्किककन्यकाहरितुला मेषादिपुंयोषितौ।
प्रागादिक्रियगोनृयुक्कटकभान्येतानि कोणान्विता-
न्याहुः क्रूरशुभौ चरस्थिरतरद्वन्द्वानि तानि क्रमात्॥ १३॥
hvasvā go’jaghaṭāḥ samā mṛgayukcāpāntyakarkaṭakāḥ |
dīrghā vṛśkikakanyakāharitulā meṣādipuṁyoṣitau |
prāgādikriyagonṛyukkaṭakabhānyetāni koṇānvitā-
nyāhuḥ krūraśubhau carasthirataradvandvāni tāni kramāt || 13||

Translation: Taurus, Aries, and Aquarius are short. Capricorn, Gemini, Sagittarius, Pisces, and Cancer are even and the long ones are Scorpio, Virgo, Leo, and Libra. Starting from Aries, signs are masculine and feminine. Starting from East, Aries and its trines, Taurus and its trines, Gemini and its trines, Cancer and its trines will represent four cardinal directions of the world. After that, signs can be differentiated as krūra (harsh) and śubha (auspicious); and also as movable, fixed and dual as their type of movement.

Commentary:

Length of the signs

Firstly, herein we have division based on length of the signs. This has to do with astronomical definition of Zodiac or Bha chakra. In reality, it is not perfect circle, it is an elliptic. Two signs before Aries, Aries and one sign after are short. Two sign before Libra, Libra and one sign after are long ones. Signs in between are of the even length. Exactly opposite point from the 00 of Libra is used for starting the Zodiac, and because of it the Aries is shortest one. Later we will see that the author also putting the Pisces in the category of short signs.

Also, this is very useful in depicting size of the person. For this we need to look Lagna, Lagna Lord, Moon sign and navaṁśa Lagna.

Table 1: Length of signs

Length Signs
Short Taurus, Aries, Aquarius, Pisces
Even Capricorn, Gemini, Sagittarius, and Cancer
Long Scorpio, Virgo, Leo, Libra

Sex of the signs

Starting from Aries, signs are masculine and feminine. So, Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius, and Aquarius are male signs and Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn, and Pisces are female. The biggest utilization of this is related to the sex of a child in the Jātaka chart. There is one exception here: Gemini and Aquarius haven’t got enough strength to produce a male child, so in the matters connected to children, we will treat them as female signs. Also, Cancer and Pisces have the power to give a son, so in these matters, Cancer and Pisces will give male progeny.

Table 2. Sex of signs

Sex Signs
Male Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius and Aquarius
Female Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn and Pisces

 Table 2a. Sex of signs: related to progeny

Sex Signs
Male Aries, Cancer , Leo, Libra, Sagittarius and Pisces
Female Taurus, Gemini , Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn and Aquarius

Directions

Directions related to signs are given in the chart. Directions are linked to the four goals or ayana in the chart. There are four ayanas: Dharma, Artha, Kama and Mokṣa. East is related to Dharma, South is related to Artha, West is related to Kama and North is related to Mokṣa. About four ayana, see 20th śloka of this chapter.

Table 3. Direction of the signs

Sign Direction Ayana
Aries, Leo, Sagittarius East Dharma
Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn South Artha
Gemini, Libra, Aquarius West Kama
Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces North Moksa

There is another division of signs based on direction.

Directions are of the crucial value for determining the place of living for a person as well as other similar questions. In this division, signs will show physical direction. Here Aries and Taurus are representing East, Pisces is Southeast, Aquarius and Capricorn are South, Sagittarius is Southwest, Libra and Scorpio are West, Virgo is Northwest, Leo and Cancer are North and finally Gemini is Northeast. In Vedic astrology, we use two different types of chakras related to direction. One is Dig chakra and another is Kala chakra. In Dig chakra, planets will give the most of their potential, and in the Kala chakra, they will show obstacles.

Table 4. Directions, signs, planets and devatas.

Direction Sign Planets in Dig chakra Planets in Kala chakra Digpala
East Taurus, Aries Sun Sun Indra
Southeast Pisces Venus Mars Agni
South Aquarius, Capricorn Mars Jupiter Yama
Southwest Sagittarius Rahu Budha Niritti
West Scorpio, Libra Saturn Venus Varuna
Northwest Virgo Moon Saturn Vayu
North Leo, Cancer Mercury Moon Kubera
Northeast Gemini Jupiter Rahu Ishana
Upwards   Ketu Ketu Ananta
Downward   Lagna Lagna Brahma

Krūra vs śubha

All odd signs are termed as krura or harsh signs. They are active by their nature. These are also known as fire (Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius) and air (Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius) signs. Fire signs are acting quickly and burning, while air signs are slow and persistent. All even signs are known as śubha or mild. They are earth (Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn) and water (Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces) signs. It shows that nature is very passive and calming.

Trikona

Here, the author is mentioning the trines of a certain sign. Trines or Trikona literary means three corners. For the first sign, a trine is a fifth and ninth sign, and in a similar manner, we can define trines for all signs. Trikonas are very important and they are showing the fruits that one begets in this world. For them, it is said that they are the seat of Śri Lakṣmi.

Trikonas will always be same tattva or primordial element. Word tattva is translated as a true principle, principle that causes creation to occur. There are five primary elements or tattvas. These are:

Tattva Element Deity State Planet Rāśi
Ākāśa Ether Viṣṇu Vacuum Jupiter In every sign, omnipresence
Agni Fire, Sūrya Energy Mars and Sun (and Ketu) Aries, Leo, Sagittarius
Jala Water Devī Liquid Venus and Moon Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces
Vāyu Air Śiva Gas Saturn (and Rahu) Gemini, Libra, Aquarius
Pṛthivī  Earth Gaṇeśa Solid Mercury Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn

Trines will be always the same tattva or the element and Kendra will always have all four manifested types. These elements come together with the gunas or quality of the Raśis.

Movement

There are three types of movement: movable or cara, fixed or sthira and dual or dvisvabhava. These three types are based on three Gunas or qualities, namely: Satva, Rajas and Tamas. Satva is quality of goodness, knowledge, sustenance. Rajas show creation of thing, movement and high level of energy inside. Tamas show ignorance, darkness. These three Gunas are represented by Tri Murti, i.e. Viṣṇu (omnipresent), Brahma (omniscience) and Śiva (omnipotent). They are helping us to overcome all three, because in Bhagavat Gita, it is said that we need to go beyond Gunas to get liberation (nistraiguṇyo bhavārjuna – be above the Gunas, O Arjuna. BG 2.45.).

Movement Sign Guna
Movable Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricorn Rajas
Fixed Taurus, Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius Tamas
Dual Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces Satva

Movement of signs can be also used to determine distance from one place to another. Here movable signs will show traveling overseas, dual is indicating travel that is still between countries borders or traveling from one city to another, and fixed signs show staying in the same place. For example, if the lord of the 10th house from the Moon is placed in a movable sign, a person may need to travel far to find work. (To learn all about work, profession and karma bhava, check out Visti’s Rama course here).

– om tat sat –

Jātaka Pārijāta|śloka 12

Jātaka Pārijāta|śloka 12

Śloka 1. 12.

चापस्य वाजिरथवारणवासभूमिः एणाननस्य सरिदम्बुवनप्रदेशाः।
कुम्भस्य तोयघटभाण्डगृहस्थलानि मीनाधिवाससरिदम्बुधितोयराशिः॥ १२॥

cāpasya vājirathavāraṇavāsabhūmiḥ eṇānanasya saridambuvanapradeśāḥ |
kumbhasya toyaghaṭabhāṇḍagṛhasthalāni mīnādhivāsasaridambudhitoyarāśiḥ || 12||

Translation: Houses made of wood for keeping horses and chariots belong to Sagittarius. Homestead where Capricorn dwells is river and forest with a lot of water inside. Aquarius is situated in the water pots or vessels used in the house. Pisces settlement is river, ocean or similar quantity of water.

Commentary: Sagittarius shows horse stables or barracks for war elephants and chariots and in the modern context it is the garage, parking lots and the battlefield. Capricorn represents rivers, shallows, and marshy places. Places, where vessels are kept like the kitchen or storerooms, warehouses and other storage places, are indicated by Aquarius in addition to toilets and latrines where water has to be carried for cleansing. Pisces indicate the sea, large rivers, places of rejuvenation and cure like hospitals.

If you missed the previous śloka (JP śloka 10-11) you can read it here.

– om tat sat –

The month of Pisces – the domain of God

The month of Pisces – the domain of God

There is a wealth of knowledge coming from observing time, which reminds me of the poem On Time by Khalil Gibran, and his words

 But if in your thought you must measure time into seasons, let each season encircle all the other seasons,
And let today embrace the past with remembrance and the future with longing.

Meena Sankranti is the time of the year when the Sun enters Meena rashi, or the sign Pisces. As per Jātaka pārijata – śloka 9, sign Pisces is depicted as two fishes, moving in the opposite direction, with their heads joining the other’s tail.

The symbol of the rāśi is important for the study of Astrology as the symbols are not picked randomly. For example, the sign Pisces is described as two fishes eating each other’s tails. They are moving in circles, and they depict the natural twelfth house, which is the house of emancipation, liberty/freedom and in the negative represents bondage, imprisonment, and closed institutions.

If you want to learn more about signs, consider Visti´s webinar series covering this topic.

The sign Pisces is said to represent the beginning of creation and this is why Rishis (Sages) have their domain here. Rishis are the holders of all the knowledge, they are our connection to God as well as our opportunity for liberation. Aquarius is the 12th sign therefrom that indicates the loss of this connection, loss of liberation and is the guarantee of the rebirth. This is symbolized with the beginning of the sign Pisces with the fish swimming downwards (indicates rebirth) while the second half of the sign has the fish moving upwards that indicates the upward movement towards moksha.

It is during this month that the Brahmins worship Jagatprasuti or Maha Lakshmi trough the Śrī Kamalātmika sadhana as she is the one who is giving birth to the whole Universe. This is the divine connection which is preceeding the birth, where the actual beginning of life is in the Aries, the next sign. As this is the time for prayer and performing remedies, Sun in the sign of Pisces (and Sagittarius) is considered inauspicious in a marriage muhurta and is preferred for prayers.

In a mundane way, our creation is coming from the D12 divisional chart (Dvadashamsha chart) that is dedicated to our immediate ancestors or parents. This gives us clarity in understanding the importance of one’s parents as through our bloodline there is a direct link to the ancestors, and finally Rishis. D24 chart (12+12=24) or Siddhamsa links to all the Rishis and the knowledge they give, for which reason it is also called Vedavahvamsha. In the Parashara scheme of divisional charts these further link to the D60 (12+12+12+12=60) or Shastyamsha chart that deals with the karmas that have led to this life.

As the 12th house represents our opportunity for the remedies, some of the means to remedy our karmas are the practices of meditation, fasting, the importance of one’s faith and dharma (the other lordship of Jupiter). And finally, as Jupiter is the lord of the sign Pisces, spiritual practices always start by remembering our Guru. In many spiritual traditions, this is done with the prayer called Guru Vandahana.

You can find the prayer on my Guruji´s website here.

– om tat sat –

Jātaka pārijata – śloka 9

Jātaka pārijata – śloka 9

अथ मीनादीनां स्वरूपवर्णनम्।
atha mīnādīnāṁ svarūpavarṇanam |

व्यत्यस्तोभयपुच्चमस्तकयुतौ मीनौ सकुंभो नर –
स्तौली चापधरस्तुरंगजघनो नक्रो मृगास्यो भवेत्।
वीणाढ्यं सगदं नृयुग्ममबला नौस्था ससस्यानला
शेषाः स्वस्व गुणाभिधानसद्दशाः सर्वे स्वदेशास्चयाः॥ ९॥vyatyastobhayapuccamastakayutau mīnau sakuṁbho nara –
staulī cāpadharasturaṁgajaghano nakro mṛgāsyo bhavet |
vīṇāḍhyaṁ sagadaṁ nṛyugmamabalā nausthā sasasyānalā
śeṣāḥ svasvaguṇābhidhānasaddaśāḥ sarve svadeśāscayāḥ || 9 ||

Translation: Sign Pisces is depicted as two fishes, moving in the opposite direction, with joined heads and tails. Aquarius is a man with the pot. Libra is a man with the balance. Sagittarius is a half armed man, and the other half is of the horse. Capricorn is a crocodile with the face of a deer. Gemini is described as a couple, where female is caring a vīṇā, and a male is caring mace. Virgo is a lady standing in the boat, having corn in one hand and the fire in the other. Remaining signs are described by their names. All of them are inhabits the regions appropriate to them.


Commentary: Symbols are not the creations of the mind, but rather are distinct capacities within the mind to hold a distinct piece of information. Thousands of yogas, as well as multiple informations about the world and time, can be stored in the human mind provided we master this language of symbols used by ṛṣi (Rath, Kāraka Review, 2007). Pandit Sanjay Rath said that word symbol we can use as Karaka, a doer. So, symbol of the sign will show us the traits of the sign. For example, Aries is symbolised by Ram, which will show the ability to push thing ahead, to go forward; on the other side, it can show very stubborn person, the one who don’t give up easily. 

Symbol of the rāśi is important for the study of Astrology because they are not picked randomly. For example, sign Pisces is described as two fishes eating each other’s tails. So, they are going in cycles, and they will show natural twelve house, which is house of emancipation, liberty from one side (so, going above the circles of saṁsāra) and from the other side it will represent the bondage, imprisonment and closed institution. Also, same sign can tell us a lot of information related to flows that every sign has. Fish can not stay alive on the direct Sun, so there is a problem with Agni (fire) tattva. Like this each sign and its symbol holds a wealth of information about that sign.

If you want to learn about the signs, the meaning of each symbol and more, consider rama-edu.com lectures done by Visti Larsen. He has dedicated 12 lectures teaching 12 sun signs covering different aspect of each sign.

If you have missed the previous śloka, śloka 8, you can read it here.

Jātaka pārijata – śloka 8

Jātaka pārijata – śloka 8

कालात्मकस्य च शिरोमुखदेशवक्षोहृत्कृक्षिभागकटिबस्तिरहस्यदेशाः।
उरू च जानुयुगलं परतस्तु जङ्गे पादद्वयं क्रियमुखावयवाः क्रमेण॥ ८॥

kālātmakasya ca śiromukhadeśavakṣohṛtkṛkṣibhāgakaṭibastirahasyadeśāḥ |urū ca jānuyugalaṁ paratastu jaṅge pādadvayaṁ kriyamukhāvayavāḥ krameṇa || 8||

Translation: The parts of the body of the person Kala (kāla) beginning with Aries, are respectively the head, the mouth, the breast, the heart, the belly, the hip, the groins, the private part, the two thighs, the two knees, the two calves and the two feet.

Commentary: The term Kalapuruṣa here stands for Time-personified or Time itself presented as a human being; Kala indicating time and Puruṣa indicating the concept of the male energy. This concept is coming from the unity of creation wherein Puruṣa and Prakṛti are the two main forces, male and female energy of the nature, which are cause of the all creation just like mother and father are needed together to create a new life. This male energy is thereafter assigned to Sun (being a father, giver of the life, providing Agni or fire for ignition) who is also governing signs in horoscope and the Moon (being the mother, sustainers, providing necessary nurturing and feeding for sustenance) who is governing over nakṣatras. All created world is product of these yoga’s of the Sun and Moon on the sky which are formed at certain point in time decided by the movement of these luminaries. This yoga’s are being studied in Vedic astrology as Pañcāñga or the five limbs of time i.e. Vara, Tithi, Nakṣatra, Karana and Yoga.

In the śloka number 7, the author is mapping Signs and the nakṣatras in the Kalapuruṣa chart. Kalapuruṣa chart is a special chart in which all twelve signs are indicating different parts of the body of Lord Viṣṇu, Janardana, starting with Aries as a first sign, representing the head, whilst other signs are following in regular order indicating the other body parts assigned to other signs. This is therefore also a generic chart for all human beings wherein in any chart despite person’slagna, Aries is still indicating head, Taurus mouth, etc.

Signs and Body parts

Herein are described the limbs and their allotment to the twelve signs. This is also applicable to the twelve houses from the ascendant. It may be pertinent to ask why the author has not mentioned the arms anywhere, and therefore hereunder is given an image for easy memorization of the signs and limbs.

Gemini has been attributed to the chest and upper torso. This also includes the arms as can be seen in the illustration. Notably the sign Scorpio indicates the genitals, but specifically covers the entire hidden portion from the pelvis to the anus. Therefore the image is slightly misleading as Sagittarius covers the entire thigh portion until the knees begin.

Libra covers the visible portion from the lower abdomen to the pelvis. Due to this some allot the visible genital area to the sign Libra.

The distribution of body parts is different when dealing with Praśna or horary charts, thus further confirming the focus on natal horoscopy.

This knowledge is further essential in studying medical Jyotiṣa wherein disease related planets and planetary yoga’s afflicting certain sign and/or house are likely to impose their effects on that part of the body. For example, afflictions on sign Capricorn are likely to give health problems with knees, Aquarius ankles, Leo stomach, etc. On the other side, we can go a step ahead and note that these signs also have very specific indications when it comes to health, for example, Aquarius is known to be hridayaroga or the one which indicates heart diseases, being the 8th sign from the Cancer (8th placement indicates the disease) or the sign which represents heart. In the same way, all the other signs/houses are carrying potentiality to afflict or improve certain parts of the human body. Whilst in case of houses it is important to take into account the Drekkana of the house to define the affected body part (Parashara, 1999).