Among the twelve houses, four houses are called Upachaya. Upachaya means accumulation, quantity, elevation, increase, growth, etc. These houses have the special ability to help one’s growth and make one fulfill one’s objectives in life.
The Upachaya houses are:
weapons, enemies action, copulation, actions needed for growth)
Sixth (sins, strife, punishment
and hard work)
Tenth (profession, social
activity, karma yoga)
Eleventh (fulfillment of
desires and gains, fruits)
The houses, which are not upachaya, are called anupachaya.
The basis of the
upachaya houses becomes clear if we treat Aries as lagna, and depict the
natural zodiac. The third and sixth houses from Aries become Gemini and Virgo respectively,
which are both lorded by Mercury. Mercury signifies communication, learning,
relations with ones friends and kin, and ones ability to smile/joke/laugh, it
is the student among the grahas and is eager to learn. These traits of Mercury
become very important for ones growth. If Mercury becomes negative, one will
not be able to adapt to social groups, new knowledge, work, etc which cause a
negative impact in ones growth. Having expressed such negative traits in ones
previous lives, we experience the results in this life through enmity, strife,
punishment, diseases and such negative 3rd/6th house
Similarly, the tenth and eleventh become Capricorn
and Aquarius respectively, which are both lorded by Saturn. Here Saturn decides
our karma yoga and from whom we shall reap the fruits of the same. This is
decided based on how much good karma (tenth) we did in the past as well as how
much we took/reaped (eleventh) from the world in the past lives.
The negative aspect arising from the upachaya houses is that with one’s own growth and success, another’s growth will be hampered/destroyed. This is especially so with the 3rd, 6th and 11th houses known as the trishodaya houses, as in the natural zodiac, these are the exaltation, multrikona and own signs of Rahu (Gemini, Virgo, and Aquarius respectively).
Just as the signs in quadrant to each other have a similar dignity as being movable, fixed and dual, the houses in quadrants to each other also have a similar dignity depending on the lagna rising in the chart.
1st, 4th, 7th and 10th
5th, 8th, 11th and 2nd
9th, 12th, 3rd and 6th
Example: Cancer Lagna
Kendra: Cancer, Libra, Capricorn and Aries
Panaphara: Scorpio, Aquarius, Taurus and Leo
Apoklima: Pisces, Gemini, Virgo and Sagittarius
The basis of these three quadrants arises from the understanding of the trines. From the lagna, find the first, fifth and ninth houses. The quadrants to these houses become the Kendra (first), Panaphara (fifth), and Apoklima (ninth) respectively.
These quadrants are the four pillars to the three trines and become necessary in judging the indications of a chart i.e. the 4th house from the ninth is the twelfth house and shows the happiness one achieves from fulfilling our dharma (ninth), namely good sleep and liberation from the world. Similarly the fourth house from the first shows how fulfilling our personal ideals, gives us happiness and stable mind.
Specifically, the quadrants to the lagna will indicate which type of personality we take on. The tenth house indicates the personality we take on due to our work and karma yoga. This house has the strongest influence on our personality. The seventh house indicating the influence of our spouse on our nature, then the fourth house, showing how our childhood experiences mold our nature, and lastly the lagna itself showing our own innate nature, follow this. The strongest planets in quadrants to the lagna will indicate our personality and nature, as well as our aspirations in life.
The following steps will explain how to use the Bhava, by dividing them into various groups, and what the purpose of the groups are.
The Trikona or Trines are the houses placed in fifth and ninth houses from any particular house/sign. These houses share the same ideals as that of the particular sign they are in trines to. With reference to the Lagna, the fifth and ninth houses from it become the dharma trikona. Similarly, the trines to each of the four houses viz. 1st, 10th, 7th, and 4th are known as the dharma, artha, kama and moksha trikona.
5th and 9th
Dharma (goal, duty, nature)
2nd and 6th
Artha (wealth, sustenance, profession)
11th and 3rd
8th and 12th
Planets or signs in the dharma trikona will show grahas who share the same ideals as the native, i.e. the ninth house shows the father, teachers, guides and elders, which all have the purpose or ideal of protecting and guiding the native’s interest. Similarly, the fifth house shows one’s followers and children whom one protects. Whether these people will also protect one’s ideals, needs to be understood from the concept of sambandha, which means relationships.
Additionally, both the fifth and ninth houses also have to do with the worship the native does, hence planets in the fifth or ninth houses will indicate worships or prayers that the native performs consciously or unconsciously for the realization of his aspirations.
“If you have the knowledge, let others light their candles in it.”
In the true spirit of the quote from above, the month of May was all about knowledge-sharing.
If you haven’t already, my sincere recommendation is to listen to the lecture on the topic of The Astrological Soul: A Study of Eastern Astrology and Philosophy Part 1 & Part 2. The lecture was delivered by my Guruji, Pt. Sanjay Rath.
Another warm recommendation goes to checking the article by Visti Larsen WHICH AYANAMSA DO I USE? In this article Visti answers the reoccurring questions regarding the choice of the ayanamsa, what he has learned, what he uses and what he doesn’t use and why.
I happen to know that Visti also shares some really good and valuable lessons with those who subscribe to his weekly email. A small bite size part of it can be found below (to subscribe to Visti’s emails click here):
The first and most important lesson on transits and how to read them is: ‘what should be your reference point?’. Without this the transit analysis is not going to work, and the results will be vague and whimsical at best. e.g. Sade Sathi works, but not from the Moon’s Rāśi… but from its Navāṁśa! Whilst all the astrologers in the market highlight this important 7½ year event, doing so from the Moon’s Rāśi/D-1 placement will not provide the results one expects unless one reckons this from the Moon’s Navāṁśa position.
Translation: Taurus, Aries, and Aquarius are short. Capricorn, Gemini, Sagittarius, Pisces, and Cancer are even and the long ones are Scorpio, Virgo, Leo, and Libra. Starting from Aries, signs are masculine and feminine. Starting from East, Aries and its trines, Taurus and its trines, Gemini and its trines, Cancer and its trines will represent four cardinal directions of the world. After that, signs can be differentiated as krūra (harsh) and śubha (auspicious); and also as movable, fixed and dual as their type of movement.
Length of the signs
Firstly, herein we have division based
on length of the signs. This has to do with astronomical definition of Zodiac
or Bha chakra. In reality, it is not perfect circle, it is an elliptic. Two
signs before Aries, Aries and one sign after are short. Two sign before Libra,
Libra and one sign after are long ones. Signs in between are of the even
length. Exactly opposite point from the 00 of Libra is used for
starting the Zodiac, and because of it the Aries is shortest one. Later we will
see that the author also putting the Pisces in the category of short signs.
Also, this is very useful in depicting
size of the person. For this we need to look Lagna, Lagna Lord, Moon sign and
Table 1: Length
Aries, Aquarius, Pisces
Gemini, Sagittarius, and Cancer
Virgo, Leo, Libra
Sex of the signs
Starting from Aries, signs are masculine and feminine. So, Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius, and Aquarius are male signs and Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn, and Pisces are female. The biggest utilization of this is related to the sex of a child in the Jātaka chart. There is one exception here: Gemini and Aquarius haven’t got enough strength to produce a male child, so in the matters connected to children, we will treat them as female signs. Also, Cancer and Pisces have the power to give a son, so in these matters, Cancer and Pisces will give male progeny.
Table 2. Sex of signs
Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius and Aquarius
Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn and Pisces
Table 2a. Sex of signs: related to progeny
Cancer , Leo, Libra, Sagittarius
Taurus, Gemini , Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn and Aquarius
related to signs are given in the chart. Directions are linked to the four
goals or ayana in the chart. There are four ayanas: Dharma, Artha, Kama and Mokṣa.
East is related to Dharma, South is related to Artha, West is related to Kama
and North is related to Mokṣa. About four ayana, see 20th śloka of
Table 3. Direction of the signs
Aries, Leo, Sagittarius
Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn
Gemini, Libra, Aquarius
Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces
There is another division of signs based on direction.
Directions are of the crucial value for determining the place of living for a person as well as other similar questions. In this division, signs will show physical direction. Here Aries and Taurus are representing East, Pisces is Southeast, Aquarius and Capricorn are South, Sagittarius is Southwest, Libra and Scorpio are West, Virgo is Northwest, Leo and Cancer are North and finally Gemini is Northeast. In Vedic astrology, we use two different types of chakras related to direction. One is Dig chakra and another is Kala chakra. In Dig chakra, planets will give the most of their potential, and in the Kala chakra, they will show obstacles.
4. Directions, signs, planets and devatas.
Planets in Dig chakra
Planets in Kala chakra
Krūra vs śubha
All odd signs are termed as krura or harsh signs. They are active by their nature. These are also known as fire (Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius) and air (Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius) signs. Fire signs are acting quickly and burning, while air signs are slow and persistent. All even signs are known as śubha or mild. They are earth (Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn) and water (Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces) signs. It shows that nature is very passive and calming.
Here, the author is mentioning the trines of a certain sign. Trines or Trikona literary means three corners. For the first sign, a trine is a fifth and ninth sign, and in a similar manner, we can define trines for all signs. Trikonas are very important and they are showing the fruits that one begets in this world. For them, it is said that they are the seat of Śri Lakṣmi.
will always be same tattva or primordial element. Word tattva is translated as
a true principle, principle that causes creation to occur. There are five
primary elements or tattvas. These are:
every sign, omnipresence
and Sun (and Ketu)
Trines will be always the same tattva or the element and Kendra will always have all four manifested types. These elements come together with the gunas or quality of the Raśis.
There are three types of movement:
movable or cara, fixed or sthira and dual or dvisvabhava. These three types are
based on three Gunas or qualities, namely: Satva, Rajas and Tamas. Satva is
quality of goodness, knowledge, sustenance. Rajas show creation of thing,
movement and high level of energy inside. Tamas show ignorance, darkness. These
three Gunas are represented by Tri Murti, i.e. Viṣṇu (omnipresent), Brahma
(omniscience) and Śiva (omnipotent). They are helping us to overcome all three,
because in Bhagavat Gita, it is said that we need to go beyond Gunas to get
liberation (nistraiguṇyo bhavārjuna –
be above the Gunas, O Arjuna. BG 2.45.).
Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricorn
Taurus, Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius
Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces
Movement of signs can be also used to determine distance from one place to another. Here movable signs will show traveling overseas, dual is indicating travel that is still between countries borders or traveling from one city to another, and fixed signs show staying in the same place. For example, if the lord of the 10th house from the Moon is placed in a movable sign, a person may need to travel far to find work. (To learn all about work, profession and karma bhava, check out Visti’s Rama course here).
Sun’s entry into the sign Taurus, or Vedic Vrishabha, is also known as Vrishabha Sankranti. If you are interested in the mundane aspects of the Sun’s entry into different signs checkout Visti’s Rama courses [link].
Bull – The Symbol
Vrishabha or the bull is a well-known symbol for the second Zodiacal sign. But how much of knowledge has been hidden under this, at first glance, simple depiction?
Pandit Sanjay Rath said that the word symbol we can examine as Karaka, a doer. So, the symbol of the sign will show us the traits of the sign. For example, Taurus is symbolized by the bull, and as such can indicate one who is firm and determined, well built and strong, with high endurance power. As the second sign of the Zodiac, it maps into the 2nd house that is the first of the Artha trines that have to do with wealth, hence major Dhana (or wealth) yogas are involving the 2nd house or the 2nd lord. On the Tatwa (elemental) level, this is the first of the three Prithvi or Earth element signs, and people indicated by the sign Taurus can be very practical, have a good understanding of wealth, which also implies the necessary knowledge or skills for its creation.
Taurus & other planets
As Venus is the lord of the sign, Taurus has to do with beauty, art, and harmony; as Mercury is the 2nd lord from Taurus, Taurus can give very a melodious voice, strong family concept and being lorded over the by Moon as well, it can indicate precious gemstones (Moon is the karaka for the gemstones); as the longevity-exaltation sign for Rahu it gives longevity, and being a night sign, Taurus can indicate mantra knowledge. This is also the debilitation sign for the longevity of the Ketu, Ketu is the Moksha karaka and as such, it can feel defeated when forced to deal with the topics of wealth, sustenance, though it is protective of the family as Ketu himself is known as the Kula devata or family deity.
Sign Taurus and its parts
Just like the other Zodiacal signs, Taurus can also be divided into smaller parts based on the planet lording the sign. In this manner, the whole sign can be divided into 6 parts, which in degrees would be 5 degrees each. Each part is the different part of the bull that will indicate different traits inside of the same sign. The depiction, as well as interpretation for each of the twelve sings, can be found here.
0 – 5
Tail of the bull
Just like tail wifts away the flies and bad smell, people born with Ascendant or other special lagna (such as Moon, Atmakaraka, etc.) will tend to be calming presence, can make things easier, nicer and deal with the bad energy;
5 – 10
Power of the hind legs
These people are forceful, have a strong drive, can push hard;
10 – 15
Power to segment and digest knowledge and then use it;
15 – 20
Represents ability to carry the burdens of life, even physical burdens, and if connected with one’s profession it can indicate therapists or somebody who is physically carrying the large burden;
20 – 25
Has to do with pulling, people who are good at helping others out of a problem, one who can lift the fallen, and take them out of the suffering;
25 – 30
Head and the horns
It is said that if the head of the cow is lifted it shows intellectual use of knowledge, but when the head goes down horns are important and bull is ready to charge*.
* Satwa planets look up, always looking for the higher knowledge; Rajas planets look straight or ahead, and in this context, they can show thinking or deciding; Tamas planets look down and planets in this portion of the sign can indicate the aggression of the bull, somebody who is ready for the fight.
Shri Krishna is known as the god of compassion, tenderness, and love and is one of the most beloved Hindu gods. He is also known as Govinda “chief herdsman”, and Gopala “Protector of the ‘Go'”, which means “Soul” or “the cows”.
Vishnu’s avatar Sri Krishna was born as Taurus (Vrshabha) Ascendant in the last portion of the sign, indicating the head of the bull. This portion can be both brain/intellect or the horns, but with Satwa Moon on the ascendant, it indicates the head with the symbolism of knowledge and intelligence. Still, he was known as a fierce warrior, slayer of the demons, and the Avatar of the Kali Yuga. Note that the Moon here is placed in the hump portion of the bull indicating somebody who can carry the burdens of others.
Whilst reading the other life events, one should examine the whole chart. As an example, an important parivartana yoga including the ascendant lord in the 3rd house, and 3rd lord on ascendant explains his fierce battles with many demons and enemies and his crucial role as a charioteer during Mahabharata (Venus and Moon form Yanavantha yoga).